Basmati rice has been reported in India since the early days of the 19th Century though it may have been named differently. 'Bas' in Hindi language means "aroma" and 'Mati' means "full of" hence the word Basmati i.e. full of aroma. This rice is different from other rice mainly due to the aroma and elongation post cooking. No other rice has this combined characteristic. The post cooking elongation of more than twice its original length, the aroma and its sweet taste has made basmati rice a delicacy. Basmati rice is grown only in Northern India at foot-hills of Himalayas. There are different qualities of Rice available in all varieties viz. Parboiled (Sella), Golden Sella, Raw and Steam Rice.
Any rice other than Basmati Rice is called Non- Basmati Rice. In the world it has been reported that there are 10000 varieties of rice, the maximum number being in India. In fact, basmati rice equals to only 1% production of the total rice grown in India. Non- basmati rice comes in all kinds of different shapes and sizes. Some are long and slender, some are short and thick, some are like beads, and some may be round. There are different qualities of Rice available in all varieties viz. Parboiled (Sella), Golden Sella, Raw and Steam Rice.